5 common vision problems and preventive measures you should take to keep your eyes healthy

Our eyes are our windows to the world, allowing us to explore, learn and experience life to the fullest. However, like any other part of our body, our eyes can also face challenges. The sense of sight is invaluable because it enables us to see the world around us. However, like any complex system, it is sensitive to various issues that can affect clarity and sharpness. Understanding and managing common vision problems is important to maintain optimal eye health and quality of life. Regular eye exams are essential for early detection and management of vision problems.

By taking preventive measures and seeking timely professional care, individuals can protect their vision and quality of life. Dr. Haseeb Baig, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals, emphasizes, “As a healthcare professional, it is important to educate individuals about these conditions and provide them with strategies to address and prevent them. Empowerment is necessary.”

5 common vision problems

refractive errors

“The sense of vision is invaluable, and managing common vision problems is important to maintain optimal eye health and quality of life,” says Dr. Rishi Raj Bora, Country Director, Orbis (India). He goes on and explain other vision problems that can occur over the years.

Dr. Rishi explains, “Refractive error occurs when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina, the inner membrane at the back of the eyeball, which is essential for vision. This leads to blurry vision at different distances. For example, myopia, or nearsightedness, is a refractive error where distant objects appear blurry, while near objects remain clear. Hypermetropia, or farsightedness, is the opposite, causing near objects to appear blurry, While distant objects remain clear. Additionally, astigmatism occurs when the shape of the cornea or lens is irregular, leading to distorted or blurry vision at all distances. Presbyopia is another common refractive error, which occurs mainly in those over the age of 40. Affects older individuals, resulting in difficulty focusing on nearby objects.”

age related macular degeneration

Dr. Hasiba explains, “Another common problem is presbyopia, which usually affects individuals over the age of 40. Presbyopia is a result of the eye’s natural aging process, which makes it difficult to focus on close objects. There is difficulty.”


Cataracts are another common vision problem, especially in older individuals. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, causing blurred or blurry vision.

eye disease

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can cause damage to the optic nerve, often due to increased pressure within the eye. Glaucoma usually develops slowly and can lead to partial or complete blindness if left untreated.

dry eye syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is a prevalent condition in which there is a lack of adequate moisture on the surface of the eye. This may cause discomfort, irritation and blurred vision.

Preventive measures for proper vision

Adopting the simple yet effective practices shared by Dr. Rishi here can significantly reduce the risk of developing many common vision problems. These include:

– Regular eye exams recommended by an eye care professional to quickly detect and resolve vision problems.

– Monitoring blood pressure and blood sugar levels for any long-term effects on vision.

– A balanced diet rich in vitamins and nutrients essential for eye health.

– Eye-friendly habits like practicing proper eye hygiene, taking regular breaks from digital screens are essential.

– UV protection protects eyes when outdoors, otherwise it may contribute to various eye conditions including cataracts and macular degeneration.

– Limit screen time for intense near-vision work, blink regularly to keep eyes moist, and follow the 20-20-20 rule – take a 20-second break every 20 minutes, looking at someone 20 feet away. Look at the thing.

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